Demonstrative Adjectives

Demonstrative adjectives are pretty straightforward, except that they often appear in pluralities in translation. Although their basic meanings (this, that, these, those) are familiar, bear in mind when translating that they often take on theoretical meaning rather than literal – more simply, demonstratives tend to be substantive often enough when trying to translate them.


Case Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative þes þeos þis
Accusative þisne þas þis
Genitive þisses þisse, þissere þisses
Dative þissum þisse, þissere þissum
Instrumental þys þisse, þissere þys


Case All Genders
Nominative þas
Accusative þas
Genitive þissa, þissum
Dative þissum, þyssum
Instrumental þissium, þyssum


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